the top of the Sainte-Geneviève
Mountain, in the hearth of the Latin Quarter,
surrounded by schools and universities,
the Pantheon overtops the whole city.
During the XIX century, before the construction
of the Eiffel tower, the Sacred Heart church
and the Montparnasse tower, the Pantheon
was the monument that immediately caught
the attention of visitors.
The panoramic view from the top of the Pantheon
is fantastic and you can grasp at a glance
the whole city.
The monument was at the beginning a construction
in honour of Sainte Geneviève,
the legendary heroin who saved Paris from
the barbaric invasions of the V century.
Genevieve was buried in it on 500 and
the building was created to house her tomb.
The Sainte Geneviève Basilica,
renamed Pantheon during the French revolution,
represents a wonderful example of the architecture
of the end of the XVIII century.
The Pantheon is surrounded by the Saint
Étienne du Mont church, the Sainte
Geneviève bibliotheque, the University
Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne), the University
Paris II (Panthéon-Assas), the town hall
of the V arrondissement and the high school
The Pantheon is a neoclassical monument,
created by the architect Soufflot who wanted
to "bring together the lightness of
the gothic architecture and the magnificence
of the Greek one".
The architect inspired to the Roman Pantheon
to build the dome, the colonnade and the
The Pantheon enchants for the architectural
balance of its dome and for the beauty of
its internal decorations that put together
christian and republican symbols.
The monument has become nowadays a republican
necropolis where the history of France is
represented by several scientists, writers,
poets, politicians and literary men.
In the middle of the building an oscillation
pendulum reproduces Foucault's experiment
about the roundness of the Earth.
David d'Angers is the author of
the bas-relief in the triangular pediment:
the Country, between Freedom and History,
distributes crowns to great men.
The golden letters inscription "Aux
grands hommes la Patrie reconnaissante"
dates back to 1837 and the main portal is
decorated with sculptures representing Attila,
Sainte Geneviève and the baptism
The crypt houses the tombs of more than
70 famous people, including Voltaire,
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Alexandre Dumas,
Jean Moulin, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Louis
Braille, Victor Schoelcher (who abolished
slavery in French colonies in 1848) and
René Cassin, author of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights.
Place du Panthéon
Cluny La Sorbonne
Every day from 10h to 6 p.m
Adults: 6,40 €
Reduced: 3,96 €